What is an Infertility Procedure?

An infertility procedure is a treatment used to help couples get pregnant. Fertility treatment can be expensive, time-consuming and emotionally difficult. However, pregnancy rates are improving and treatments are safer than ever before. Some people may need multiple infertility procedures to achieve pregnancy.난임시술병원

A health care provider who specializes in fertility, called a reproductive endocrinologist, can recommend the right infertility treatment for you. He or she will ask you about your medical history and your family’s health history. You will need to tell your doctor if you have had previous miscarriages or if there are any genetic disorders in your family.

Men with low sperm counts can take medications that increase sperm production and ejaculation, or surgically remove the epididymis (a coil-like structure in the testicles that helps store and transport sperm) if it is blocked. These are outpatient procedures done under local anaesthetic. Women with structural problems in their uterus or fallopian tubes that can cause infertility may need to have surgery, often with outpatient and same-day procedures. Surgically removing the polyps, fibroid tumors or scar tissue from the uterus, treating endometriosis, repairing a varicocele and addressing other problems like adhesions can improve a woman’s chances of becoming pregnant.

Fertility specialists can also perform a technique called pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). This is done to find out whether the fetus will be healthy and reduce the risk of complications during gestation and childbirth.

Most couples who need infertility treatment use assisted reproductive technology (ART). ART involves using drugs or techniques to make eggs and sperm fertile. The most common method is intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in vitro fertilization (IVF).

During IVF, the woman’s ovary is stimulated with fertility medication to produce several mature eggs. These are suctioned out of the uterus with ultrasound guidance. A sperm is then placed into each egg. If an embryo sticks to and grows in the uterus lining, pregnancy results. The doctor can use other ART methods to improve the chance of success, such as intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) to inject a single healthy sperm into an egg or assisted hatching to open the outer covering of an embryo. Some couples use donated eggs or sperm, called third-party ART.

Having more than one fetus increases the risk of complications like miscarriage, premature birth and low birth weight, which can cause long-term health issues. This is why it’s important to discuss how many children you want with your health care provider before starting treatment. If you decide to have more than one fetus, your doctor may suggest using a gestational carrier or surrogate. This is a woman who will carry and give birth to the child for you. This can increase the chances of a healthy pregnancy but also raises the cost and risks.서울아이앤여성의원